Inorganic Pollutants in Wastewater (2023)

Inorganic Pollutants in Wastewater
Methods of Analysis, Removal and Treatment
Eds. Inamuddin, Ali Mohammad and Abdullah M. Asiri
Materials Research FoundationsVolume 16
Publication Date 2017, 458 Pages
Print ISBN 978-1-945291-34-0(release date October 1st 2017)
ePDF ISBN 978-1-945291-35-7
DOI:10.21741/9781945291357

This book, ‘Inorganic Pollutants in Wastewater: Methods of Analysis, Removal and Treatment’ extensively investigates the most recent improvements in the area of inorganic pollutants analysis, removal and treatment of wastewater by utilizing different materials such as natural polymers, husks, graphene and carbon nanotube composites, fruit cortex etc. It covers photocatalysis, adsorption, desalination and electrochemical technologies used for the analysis and treatment of inorganic pollutants.

Keywords
Waste Water Treatment, Inorganic Pollutants, Natural Polymers, Husks, Graphene and Carbon Nanotube Composites, Fruit Cortex, Photocatalysis, Adsorption, Desalination, Electrochemical Technologies

(Video) Inorganic Pollutants (Pre-Lecture)

Table of Contents
Preface
Chapter 1 Photocatalysis: Present, past and future 1
Chapter 2 Natural polymers for the removal of heavy metals 64
Chapter 3 Ion selective membrane electrodes as sensors for detection of heavy metal ions 86
Chapter 4 A study on the potential applications of rice husk derivatives as useful adsorptive material 149
Chapter 5 Natural husks as potential adsorbents for uptake of heavy metals 187
Chapter 6 Removal of heavy metals using graphene composites 210
Chapter 7 Magnetic mollusk shell-Fe3O4 composite powder used as seeding adsorbent to purify Zn(II) and Pb(II) contaminated wastewater 247
Chapter 8 Waste fruit cortexes for the removal of heavy metals from wastewater 275
Chapter 9 Advances in desalination for water and wastewater treatment 294
Chapter 10 Advanced membrane materials for desalination: carbon nanotube and graphene 322
Chapter 11 A review of the progress of desalination technologies: application to wastewater treatment 343
Chapter 12 Photo-Fenton oxidation technology for the treatment of wastewater 370
Chapter 13 Electrochemical technologies for produced water treatment 420
Keywords 445
About the editors 457

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(Video) Inorganic water pollutants

Scientists and engineers in the physical and environmental sciences synthesize recent developments and current best practices in analyzing and removing inorganic pollutants in the treatment of wastewater using different materials. Their topics include ion selective membrane electrodes as sensors for detecting heavy metal ions, the potential application of rice husk derivatives as useful adsorptive material, magnetic mollusk shell-Fe3O4 composite powder used as seeding adsorbent to purify wastewater contaminated with Zn(II) and Pb(II), advanced membrane material for desalination: carbon nanotube and graphene, and electrochemical technologies for water treatment.Annotation ©2017 Ringgold Inc. Portland, OR (protoview.com)

About the Editors

Assistant Professor Inamuddin

(Video) INORGANIC WATER POLLUTANTS - water pollution by inorganic pollutants

Dr. Inamuddin is currently working as Assistant Professor in the Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. He obtained Master of Science degree in Organic Chemistry from Chaudhary Charan Singh (CCS) University, Meerut, India, in 2002. He received his Master of Philosophy and Doctor of Philosophy degrees in Applied Chemistry from AMU in 2004 and 2007, respectively. He has extensive research experience in multidisciplinary fields of Analytical Chemistry, Materials Chemistry, and Electrochemistry and, more specifically, Renewable Energy and Environment. He has worked on different research projects as project fellow and senior research fellow funded by University Grants Commission (UGC), Government of India, and Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Government of India. He has received Fast Track Young Scientist Award from the Department of Science and Technology, India, to work in the area of bending actuators and artificial muscles. He has completed four major research projects sanctioned by University Grant Commission, Department of Science and Technology, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, and Council of Science and Technology, India. He has published 76 research articles in international journals of repute and twelve book chapters in knowledge-based book editions published by renowned international publishers. He has published six edited books with Springer, United Kingdom, three by Nova Science Publishers, Inc. U.S.A., one by CRC Press Taylor & Francis Asia Pacific, two by Trans Tech Publications Ltd., Switzerland and two by Materials Science Forum, U.S.A. He is the member of various editorial boards of the journals and also serving as associate editor for a journal Environmental Chemistry Letter, Springer Nature. He has attended as well as chaired sessions in various international and national conferences. He has worked as a Postdoctoral Fellow, leading a research team at the Creative Research Initiative Center for Bio-Artificial Muscle, Hanyang University, South Korea, in the field of renewable energy, especially biofuel cells. He has also worked as a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Center of Research Excellence in Renewable Energy, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Saudi Arabia, in the field of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells and computational fluid dynamics of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells. He is a life member of the Journal of the Indian Chemical Society. His research interest includes ion exchange materials, a sensor for heavy metal ions, biofuel cells, supercapacitors and bending actuators.

Professor Ali Mohammad

Prof. Ali Mohammad is presently working as UGC-Emeritus Fellow in the Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India after serving as chairman of the department of Applied Chemistry for 6 years. His scientific interests include physico-analytical aspects of solid-state reactions, micellar thin layer chromatography, surfactants analysis, and green chromatography. He is the author or coauthor of 247 scientific publications including research articles, reviews, and book chapters. He has supervised 53 students for Ph.D./M.Phil. and M.Tech. degrees. He has also served as Editor of Scientific Journal, “Chemical and Environmental Research” published from India since 1992 to 2012 and as the Associate Editor for Analytical Chemistry section of the Journal of Indian Chemical Society. He has published four edited books with Springer, the United Kingdom and two by Materials Science Forum, U.S.A. He has been the member of editorial boards of Acta Chromatographica, Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis Seria F. Chemia, Air Pollution, and Annals of Agrarian Science. He has attended as well as chaired sessions in various international and national conferences. He is the life member of several Indian Scientific and Chemical Societies. He has also served as Visiting Professor at King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Dr. Mohammad obtained his M.Sc. (1972), M.Phil. (1975), Ph.D. (1978), and D.Sc. (1996) degrees from Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India.

(Video) What Is Water Pollution | Environmental Chemistry | Chemistry | FuseSchool

Professor Abdullah M. Asiri

Prof. Abdullah M. Asiri is the Head of the Chemistry Department at King Abdulaziz University since October 2009 and he is the founder and the Director of the Center of Excellence for Advanced Materials Research (CEAMR) since 2010 till date. He is the Professor of Organic Photochemistry. He graduated from King Abdulaziz University (KAU) with B.Sc. in Chemistry in 1990 and a Ph.D from University of Wales, College of Cardiff, U.K. in 1995. His research interest covers color chemistry, synthesis of novel photochromic and thermochromic systems, synthesis of novel coloring matters and dyeing of textiles, materials chemistry, nanochemistry and nanotechnology, polymers and plastics. Prof. Asiri is the principal supervisors of more than 20 M.Sc. and six Ph.D theses; He is the main author of ten books of different chemistry disciplines. Prof. Asiri is the Editor-in-Chief of King Abdulaziz University Journal of Science. A major achievement of Prof. Asiri is the discovery of tribochromic compounds, a class of compounds which change from slightly or colorless to deep colored when subjected to small pressure or when grind. This discovery was introduced to the scientific community as a new terminology published by IUPAC in 2000. This discovery was awarded a patent from European Patent office and from UK patent. Prof. Asiri involved in many committees at the KAU level and also on the national level, he took a major role in the advanced materials committee working for KACST to identify the National plan for science and technology in 2007. Prof. Asiri played a major role in advancing the chemistry education and research in KAU, he has been awarded the best Researchers from KAU for the past five years. He also awarded the Young Scientist award from the Saudi Chemical Society in 2009, and also the first prize for the distinction in science from the Saudi Chemical Society in 2012. He also received a recognition certificate from the American Chemical society (Gulf region Chapter) for the advancement of chemical science in the Kingdome. Also he received a Scopus certificate for the most Publishing Scientist in Saudi Arabia in chemistry in 2008. He is also a member of the Editorial Board of various journals of international repute. He is the Vice- President of Saudi Chemical Society (Western Province Branch). He holds four USA patents, more than 800 Publications in international journals, seven book chapters, and ten books.

FAQs

What are inorganic pollutants? ›

Inorganic pollutants comprise mainly of heavy metals, which are toxic or poisonous even at low concentrations. Example of heavy metals includes arsenic, mercury, lead, and chromium. They can enter body system through water, food, and air and cause health issues.

What is inorganic matter in wastewater? ›

These inorganic constituents include pH, chlorides, alkalinity, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur, toxic inorganic compounds, and heavy metals. When the pH of a water or wastewater is considered, we are simply referring to the hydrogen ion concentration.

What is organic and inorganic matter in wastewater? ›

Chemically, wastewater is composed of organic and inorganic compounds as well as various gases. Organic components may consist of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, greases, surfactants, oils, pesticides, phenols, etc., Inorganic components may consist of heavy metals, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur, chlorides etc.

What are some inorganic contaminants? ›

Inorganic contaminants like arsenic, iron, chromium and manganese commonly occur in nature and often end up in our surface and ground waters. Some occur as a result of manmade pollution such as perchlorate, and others like nitrates occur because of interactions between nature and pollution.

What are organic and inorganic pollutants in water? ›

Organic pollution is a type of chemical pollution caused by carbon pollutants, such as liquid manure, sewage treatment sludge, DDT etc. Inorganic pollutants are the compounds of inorganic by-products arising due to radiant energy and noise, heat, or light.

Is an inorganic water pollutant? ›

Commonly found inorganic contaminants of water include arsenic, fluoride, iron, nitrate, heavy metals, etc., and their presence at more than permissible levels degrades water potability for living organisms.

What are examples of inorganic materials? ›

Inorganic substances are a group of chemicals that contain no carbon. Examples include ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, all metals, and most elements (such as calcium).

What is inorganic impurities in water? ›

The most common inorganic impurities in purified water are residuals of the more common ions in feed water – sodium, calcium, iron, magnesium, chloride, sulphate, nitrate – and ions weakly held on ion-exchange resin – silicates and borates.

What are organic and inorganic impurities? ›

The organic impurities are biodegradable and include human faeces, oil, animal waste, urea (urine), pesticides, herbicides, fruit and vegetable wastes, etc. The inorganic impurities are non-biodegradable and include metals, phosphates, nitrates, etc.

What are sources of inorganic matter? ›

Inorganic materials are generally derived from non-living sources, such as rocks or minerals, and encompass such categories as glass, ceramics, and metals.

What are inorganic matters? ›

Inorganic matter are substances of mineral origin that are not characterized by primarily carbon—based structures.

How do you remove inorganic chemicals from water? ›

Inorganic contaminants in ionic form can be removed using ion exchange systems and reverse osmosis systems.

How do inorganic pollutants affect aquatic life? ›

Inorganic minerals and chemical compounds

These pollutants (comprising of compounds of As, Ca, Cd, F, Hg, Na, Pb etc.,) injure or kill fish and other aquatic life and also render the water unfit for dinking or for industrial use. A prominent example is the presence of mercury in water.

What are inorganic pollutants Wikipedia? ›

Inorganic contaminants

Ammonia from food processing waste. Heavy metals from motor vehicles (via urban storm water runoff) and acid mine drainage. Nitrates and phosphates, from sewage and agriculture (see nutrient pollution)

What is the difference between organic and inorganic? ›

The primary difference that lies between these organic compounds and inorganic compounds is that organic compounds always have a carbon atom while most of the inorganic compounds do not contain the carbon atom in them. Almost all the organic compounds contain the carbon-hydrogen or a simple C-H bond in them.

What are the inorganic compounds present in water? ›

These chemicals are generally described as mineral in nature and usually exist as ions (chemical substances with a positive or negative charge) when dissolved in water. Typical examples include sodium, iron, calcium, magnesium, manganese, nitrate, chloride, sulfate, and zinc.

What is an organic contaminant found in wastewater? ›

Organic contaminants including dye, humic substances, phenolic compounds, petroleum, surfactants, pesticides, and pharmaceuticals are important pollutants in wastewaters. The presence of organic contaminants in water may produce toxic chemicals during disinfection.

Is ammonia organic or inorganic? ›

Ammonia is an inorganic compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH 3.

What do you mean by organic pollutants? ›

Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are toxic chemicals that adversely affect human health and the environment around the world. Because they can be transported by wind and water, most POPs generated in one country can and do affect people and wildlife far from where they are used and released.

What are the major water pollutants and their sources? ›

The main point source of pollution to water is from sewage and waste water treatment, while for diffuse pollution, main sources are from farming and fossil fuel power plants (via the air).

What are inorganic pollutants Wikipedia? ›

Inorganic contaminants

Ammonia from food processing waste. Heavy metals from motor vehicles (via urban storm water runoff) and acid mine drainage. Nitrates and phosphates, from sewage and agriculture (see nutrient pollution)

What are inorganic sources? ›

Inorganic substances are substances such as stone and metal that do not come from living things. ... roofing made from organic and inorganic fibres. Synonyms: artificial, chemical, man-made, mineral More Synonyms of inorganic.

What are 5 pollutants? ›

The common air pollutants are:
  • Particulate matter (PM10 and PM2. ...
  • Ozone (O3)
  • Nitrogen dioxide (NO2)
  • Carbon monoxide (CO)
  • Sulphur dioxide (SO2)

What are the four types of inorganic compounds? ›

The following section examines the four groups of inorganic compounds essential to life: water, salts, acids, and bases.

What are the 4 types of pollutants? ›

The major kinds of pollution, usually classified by environment, are air pollution, water pollution, and land pollution. Modern society is also concerned about specific types of pollutants, such as noise pollution, light pollution, and plastic pollution.

What are organic pollutants in water? ›

Organic contaminants including dye, humic substances, phenolic compounds, petroleum, surfactants, pesticides, and pharmaceuticals are important pollutants in wastewaters. The presence of organic contaminants in water may produce toxic chemicals during disinfection.

Which of the following are examples of inorganic compounds? ›

Examples of inorganic compound include phosphoric acid (H3PO4), sulphuric acid (H2SO4), nitric acid (HNO3) and ammonia (NH3).

What is inorganic vs organic? ›

While organic chemistry is defined as the study of carbon-containing compounds, inorganic chemistry is the study of the remaining (i.e., not carbon-containing) subset of compounds.

What is exactly meant by inorganic? ›

Definition of inorganic

1a(1) : being or composed of matter other than plant or animal : mineral. (2) : forming or belonging to the inanimate world. b : of, relating to, or dealt with by a branch of chemistry concerned with substances not usually classed as organic.

What is difference organic and inorganic? ›

The primary difference that lies between these organic compounds and inorganic compounds is that organic compounds always have a carbon atom while most of the inorganic compounds do not contain the carbon atom in them. Almost all the organic compounds contain the carbon-hydrogen or a simple C-H bond in them.

What are the three major types of water pollutants? ›

Types of Drinking Water Contaminants
  • Physical contaminants primarily impact the physical appearance or other physical properties of water. ...
  • Chemical contaminants are elements or compounds. ...
  • Biological contaminants are organisms in water.
15 Sept 2022

What are the major water pollutants? ›

The main water pollutants include bacteria, viruses, parasites, fertilisers, pesticides, pharmaceutical products, nitrates, phosphates, plastics, faecal waste and even radioactive substances. These substances do not always change the colour of the water, meaning that they are often invisible pollutants.

What are the types of water pollutants? ›

Water pollutants can be classified as organic pollutants, inorganic pollutants, pathogens, suspended solids, nutrients and agriculture pollutants, thermal, radioactive, and other pollutants. Organic and inorganic pollutants are mainly discharged from industrial effluents and sewage into the water bodies.

What are 5 examples of inorganic? ›

Examples of common everyday inorganic compounds are water, sodium chloride (salt), sodium bicarbonate (baking soda), calcium carbonate (dietary calcium source), and muriatic acid (industrial-grade hydrochloric acid).

Is water inorganic or organic? ›

Water is definitely an inorganic compound (dihydrogen oxide) and methyl alcohol is definitely an organic compound. As with all empirical classification schemes, the distinction is not particularly clear when the lower molecular weight substances are considered.

What are the examples of organic and inorganic compounds? ›

Table 1: Organic Compounds vs. Inorganic Compounds
Organic CompoundsInorganic Compounds
Examplescarbohydrates, fats, proteins, nucleic acids, urea, carbon tetrachloridesodium chloride, brass, glass, carbonates, cyanides, cyanates, carbides, thiocyanates, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, water
6 more rows

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